Differential changes in SP-A and disaturated phospholipids in the isolated perfused rat lung and in vivo

Ian R. Doyle, Heather A. Barr, Kate G. Davidson, Terence E. Nicholas

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    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Alveolar disaturated phospholipids (DSP(A)) increase in vivo in rats with hyperpnea and in isolated perfused lungs (IPL) in response to either salbutamol or increasing tidal volume (VT). Because surfactant protein-A (SP- A) may play a role in surfactant homeostasis, we have examined the relationship between SP-A and DSP in the alveolus lameIlar bodies (LB-A), and in a vesicular (LB-B) lung subfraction. Whereas 2 h swimming increased total DSP(A) (~48%), it had no effect on alveolar SP-A (SP-A(A)). In the IPL, salbutamol increased total DSP(A) (~30% and SP-A(A) (~41%); increasing VT (2.5-fold) only increased DSP(A) (~22%). SP-A and DSP also varied differentially in the tubular myelin-rich and -poor subfractions. In both the IPL and in vivo, we found inverse relationships between DSP(A) and SP- A(A)/DSP(A), indicating that although SP-A(A) and DSPA are related, they vary independently. Whereas total SP-A(A)/DSP(A) varied between 0.046 and 0.074, it remained constant in LB-A (~0.015) and LB-B (~0.010), suggesting that DSP and SPA are secreted differentially and that only a small portion of SP- A(A) is derived from lamellar bodies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)L374-L382
    Number of pages9
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
    Volume271
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 1996

    Keywords

    • alveolar surfactant
    • isolated perfused lung
    • surfactant protein-A
    • swimming

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