Differential Tuning to Visual Motion Allows Robust Encoding of Optic Flow in the Dragonfly

Bernard J.E. Evans, David C. O'Carroll, Joseph M. Fabian, Steven D. Wiederman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visual cues provide an important means for aerial creatures to ascertain their self-motion through the environment. In many insects, including flies, moths, and bees, wide-field motion-sensitive neurons in the third optic ganglion are thought to underlie such motion encoding; however, these neurons can only respond robustly over limited speed ranges. The task is more complicated for some species of dragonflies that switch between extended periods of hovering flight and fast-moving pursuit of prey and conspecifics, requiring motion detection over a broad range of velocities. Since little is known about motion processing in these insects, we performed intracellular recordings from hawking, emerald dragonflies (Hemicordulia spp.) and identified a diverse group of motion-sensitive neurons that we named lobula tangential cells (LTCs). Following prolonged visual stimulation with drifting gratings, we observed significant differences in both temporal and spatial tuning of LTCs. Cluster analysis of these changes confirmed several groups of LTCs with distinctive spatiotemporal tuning. These differences were associated with variation in velocity tuning in response to translated, natural scenes. LTCs with differences in velocity tuning ranges and optima may underlie how a broad range of motion velocities are encoded. In the hawking dragonfly, changes in LTC tuning over time are therefore likely to support their extensive range of behaviors, from hovering to fast-speed pursuits

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8051-8063
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Volume39
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adaptation
  • dragonfly
  • lobula tangential cell
  • motion vision
  • optic flow

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