Differentiation between the somatostatin inhibition and the post-somatostatin rebound observed on growth hormone secretion in vitro

Emmanuel Rene, John Willoughby, Paul Brazeau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A rebound in growth hormone secretion following somatostatin treatment has been shown in several systems where somatostatin suppresses secretion of the hormone. We have developed an in vitro system in which isolated and cultured pituitary cells were perfused after mild trypsinization. After washing, these cells retained their sensitivity and secreted growth hormone (GH) in response to physiological activators (norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin) or inhibitors (somatostatin) as well as pharmacological activators (PGE2). The variation in GH secretion occurred within a minute after commencement of the infusion and was as rapidly reversible and repeatable minutes later. During somatostatin infusion the GH secretion was not totally suppressed (residual secretion (mean ± S.D.) 34 ± 7%). After the infusion a rapid rebound in GH secretion occurred, reaching levels in excess of the pretreatment value of 138 ± 13%. This rebound effect occurred at doses higher than (10-10 M) but not at lower doses, even when significant inhibition was observed. The inhibitory effect is of greater magnitude than the rebound effect (rebound = inhibition × 57 ± 7% (mean ± S.D.)). Furthermore, rebound was not enhanced by prolongation of somatostatin infusion. These latter results indicate that the rebound in secretion cannot be explained on the sole basis of storage of intracellular GH during somatostatin infusion and in fact suggest the involvement of a process of GH degradation and/or an inhibition of GH synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1982
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • isolated cells
  • perfusion
  • pituitary secretion
  • radioimmunoassay
  • rebound effect

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