DNA and Endangered Species

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The illegal trade in wildlife is leading to the extinction of iconic species. There is legislation at the national level to help restrict this illegal trade. Enforcement of legislation is enhanced by good quality forensic science. DNA typing of seized samples is one method to determine if seized items are from a protected species. Species identification by DNA is primarily performed using genetic markers on the mitochondrial genome with a comparison to reference data. DNA profiling analogous to that of human identification can link samples to an individual animal or plant or to a geographic location.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Forensic Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-4, Third Edition
EditorsMax M. Houck, Lauren Wilson, Heidi Eldridge, Simon W. Lewis, Kevin Lothridge, Paul Reedy
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780128236789
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Cytochrome b
  • Illegal wildlife trade
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Short tandem repeats
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms
  • Species testing
  • Wildlife forensic science


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