Dose response relationship between program attendance and children's outcomes in a community based weight management program for children and their families

Santosh Khanal, Leah Choi, Christine Innes-Hughes, Chris Rissel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The Go4Fun program in New South Wales, Australia is a community based weight management program for overweight and obese children aged 7-13 years and their families. This study assessed the impact of the number and type of sessions attended on body mass index (BMI) z-score, fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity and sedentary behaviours to determine the number of sessions required to achieve optimal program outcomes. Methods: Secondary analysis was conducted on pre and post participant program data collected over 3.5 years. Relationships between session attendance and program outcomes were assessed using Spearman's correlation and multivariate analyses of variance and multivariate regression. Number of sessions required to achieve optimal program outcomes was determined using piecewise linear regression. Results: For 3090 participants (48.5% of registrants) who attended at least five sessions, outcome measures improved significantly at post program compared with pre (p < 0.01). No relationships were seen between number and type of sessions attended and outcome measures. Children of mothers without a post-school qualification (university degree or vocational qualification) were more likely to achieve lower levels of improvements in BMI z-score (p = 0.02) and vegetable intake (P < 0.01) than those children with post-school qualified mothers (F = 3.68, p = 0.03). Children of mothers without post-school education that attended seven sessions or more achieved significantly better BMI z-score outcomes (p < 0.01) than those who attended fewer sessions. Conclusions: Maternal educational attainment influences program attendance and health and behavioural outcomes in a family based obesity treatment program.

Original languageEnglish
Article number716
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Keywords

  • weight management
  • obese children
  • body mass index

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