Double H-type tracheoesophageal fistula

Sharman P. Tan Tanny, Sebastian K. King, Taher I. Omari, Warwick J. Teague

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    Congenital ‘isolated’ tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a rare variant of esophageal atresia, also termed H-type TEF. Even rarer is a double H-type TEF. Here, we report a two-week-old female, with double H-type TEF – one identified pre-operatively, the other during surgery. Pre-operative laryngotracheobronchoscopy (LTB) with guidewire cannulation is considered key to definitive TEF repair, to aid in both pre- and intra-operative identification of the fistula(e). In our experience, only one H-type TEF was identified at the planned pre-operative LTB, with the second H-type fistula identified at the time of cervical dissection. Both fistulae were repaired during the same operation, via cervical approach. This represents the first reported case of a double H-type TEF, repaired primarily via a single cervical incision.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number101662
    Number of pages3
    JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


    • Case report
    • Congenital
    • Tracheoesophageal fistula


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