Drug effects on ventilatory control and upper airway physiology related to sleep apnea

David Wang, Danny J. Eckert, Ronald R. Grunstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the inter-relationship between pharmacological agents, ventilatory control, upper airway physiology and their consequent effects on sleep-disordered breathing may provide new directions for targeted drug therapy. Where available, this review focuses on human studies that contain both drug effects on sleep-disordered breathing and measures of ventilatory control or upper airway physiology. Many of the existing studies are limited in sample size or comprehensive methodology. At times, the presence of paradoxical findings highlights the complexity of drug therapy for OSA. The existing studies also highlight the importance of considering inter-individual pharmacokinetics and underlying causes of sleep apnea in interpreting drug effects on sleep-disordered breathing. Practical ways to assess an individual's ventilatory control and how it interacts with upper airway physiology is required for future targeted pharmacotherapy in sleep apnea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalRespiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Volume188
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Respiratory control
  • Chemosensitivity
  • Sleep-disordered breathing
  • Upper airway collapsibility
  • Upper airway muscles

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