Using data reported during 2009-2012 to UNODC, this study estimates the monetary value of illicit opiates trafficked on the main conduit for illicit Afghan opiates to Europe, the so-called Balkan route by estimating the combined quantity of illicit opiates consumed and seized in the Balkan route countries and by assessing the trafficking networks that link them in order to calculate the gross profit made from opiate trafficking at the country level.
|Place of Publication||Vienna, Austria|
|Publisher||United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)|
|Number of pages||89|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|