Economic Evaluation of a New Polygenic Risk Score to Predict Nephropathy in Adult Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Kimberly Guinan, Catherine Beauchemin, Johanne Tremblay, John Chalmers, Mark Woodward, Muhammad Ramzan Tahir, Pavel Hamet, Jean Lachaine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The current screening method for diabetic nephropathy (DN) is based on detection of albumin in the urine and decline of glomerular filtration rate. The latter usually occurs relatively late in the course of the disease. A polygenic risk score (PRS) was recently developed for early prediction of the risk for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) to develop DN. The aim of this study was to assess the economic impact of the implementation of the PRS for early prediction of DN in patients with T2D compared with usual screening methods in Canada. Methods: A cost-utility analysis was developed using a Markov model. Health states include pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD), ESRD and death. Model efficacy parameters were based on prediction of outcome data by polygenic risk testing of the genotyped participants in the Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease PreterAx and DiamicronN Controlled Evaluation trial. Analyses were conducted from Canadian health-care and societal perspectives. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess results robustness. Results: Over a lifetime horizon, the PRS was a dominant strategy, from both a health-care system and societal perspective. The PRS was less expensive and more efficacious in terms of quality-adjusted life-years compared with usual screening technics. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed that results remained dominant in most simulations. Conclusions: This economic evaluation demonstrates that the PRS is a dominant option compared with usual screening methods for the prevention of DN in patients with T2D. Adoption of the PRS would reduce costs saving but would also help prevent ESRD and improve patients’ quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Diabetes
Early online date17 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cost-utility analysis
  • diabetic nephropathy
  • end-stage renal disease
  • Markov model
  • polygenic risk score
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus

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