Education on physical restraint reduction in dementia care: A review of the literature

Anita De Bellis, Krista Mosel, David Curren, Justin Prendergast, Ann Harrington, Eimear Muir-Cochrane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)


    Dementia is a priority area for all countries as populations age and dementia prevalence increases. The use of physical restraint is a possible clinical practice for persons with dementia across settings when behaviours indicate a perceived need. Indeed, this may be the first choice in practice, occurring in part because of lack of education, safety concerns, perceived costs and staffing issues. This article reviews the literature on the issues surrounding, and use of, physical restraint for people with dementia, highlighting the rationales for use and the benefits and barriers to physical restraint. Recommendations include the importance of education and policy to reduce or eliminate physical restraint of persons with dementia to overcome identified barriers at the individual, cultural and organizational levels. An educational programme from the literature review is proposed specific to the reduction or elimination of physical restraint.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)93-110
    Number of pages18
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013


    • dementia care
    • education
    • physical restraint
    • restraint reduction


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