Effect of a magnetic field on natural convection in an open cavity subjugated to water/alumina nanofluid using Lattice Boltzmann method

Gholamreza Kefayati

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    119 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, the effect of a magnetic field on natural convection in an open enclosure which subjugated to water/alumina nanofluid using Lattice Boltzmann method has been investigated. The cavity is filled with water and nanoparticles of Al2O3 at the presence of a magnetic field. Calculations were performed for Rayleigh numbers (Ra=104-106), volume fractions of nanoparticles (φ=0,0.02,0.04 and 0.06) and Hartmann number (0≤Ha≤90) with interval 30 while the magnetic field is considered horizontally. Results show that the heat transfer decreases by the increment of Hartmann number for various Rayleigh numbers and volume fractions. The magnetic field augments the effect of nanoparticles at Rayleigh number of Ra=106 regularly. Just as the most effect of nanoparticles for Ra=104 is observed at Ha=30, so the most influence of nanoparticles occurs at Ha=60 for Ra=105.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)67-77
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
    Volume40
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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