Effect of a Multidisciplinary Outpatient Model of Care on Health Outcomes in Older Patients with Multimorbidity: A Retrospective Case Control Study

Sepehr Shakib, Benjamin Dundon, John Maddison, Josephine Thomas, Melinda Stanners, Gillian Caughey, Robyn Clark

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    Abstract

    Objective: To evaluate a holistic multidisciplinary outpatient model of care on hospital readmission, length of stay and mortality in older patients with multimorbidity following discharge from hospital. Design and Participants: A pilot case-control study between March 2006 and June 2009 of patients referred on discharge to a multidisciplinary, integrated outpatient model of care that includes outpatient follow-up, timely GP communication and dial-in service compared with usual care following discharge, within a metropolitan, tertiary referral, public teaching hospital. Controls were matched in a 4:1 ratio with cases for age, gender, index admission diagnosis and length of stay. Main outcome measures: Non-elective readmission rates, total readmission length of stay and overall survival. Results: A total of 252 cases and 1008 control patients were included in the study. Despite the patients referred to the multidisciplinary model of care had slightly more comorbid conditions, significantly higher total length of hospital stay in the previous 12 months and increased prevalence of diabetes and heart failure by comparison to those who received usual care, they had significantly improved survival (adjusted hazard ratio 0.70 95% CI 0.51-0.96, p = 0.029) and no excess in the number of hospitalisations observed. Conclusion: Following discharge from hospital, holistic multidisciplinary outpatient management is associated with improved survival in older patients with multimorbidity. The findings of this study warrant further examination in randomised and cost-effectiveness trials.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0161382
    Pages (from-to)Art: e0161382
    Number of pages11
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume11
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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