Effect of a spa bath on patient symptoms in an acute palliative care setting: A pilot study

Gemma Skaczkowski, Juli Moran, Julie Langridge, Kirsten Oataway, Carlene Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background and purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the potential for a spa bath intervention to reduce the perception of pain and anxiety, and to improve well-being, among palliative patients. Materials and methods: 52 palliative care patients rated their pain, anxiety and well-being before and after taking a bath in a purpose-built spa bath designed to accommodate frail and unwell patients. Results: The intervention improved patients’ self-reported pain (t(51) = −6.13, p<.001, dz =.85), anxiety (t(51) = −4.58, p<.001, dz =.64), and well-being (t(48) = −7.19, p <.001, dz = 1.03). Conclusion: The provision of a spa bath may be a simple and effective way to improve patients’ quality of life, within the normal course of nursing duties. Whether these results are achieved in a controlled trial and the duration of these effects is unknown. These preliminary results justify further investigation of the potential for water-based relaxation therapy for patients at the end-of-life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-102
Number of pages3
JournalComplementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Issue number2
Early online date23 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Pain
  • Palliative care
  • Spa bath
  • Water-based relaxation
  • Well-being


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of a spa bath on patient symptoms in an acute palliative care setting: A pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this