Effect of CPAP on blood pressure variability in obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease

Emer Van Ryswyk, Craig Anderson, Hisatomi Arima, Ferran Barbe, Riu Chen, Emma Heeley, Zhihong Liu, Kelly Loffler, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Yuanming Luo, Rosie Meng, Sutapa Mukherjee, Susan Redline, Manjari Tripathi, Weiwei Quan, Richard Woodman, Yi Xiao, Xilong Zhang, Danni Zheng, D. McEvoy

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Introduction: Increased visit‐to‐visit blood pressure variability (BPV) is associated with serious cardiovascular (CV) events, but whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) influences BPV in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is uncertain. We aimed to determine the effects of CPAP treatment on visit‐to‐visit BPV in participants of the Sleep Apnea and cardioVascular Endpoints (SAVE) trial.

Methods: SAVE was an international, randomized, parallel group, open trial of CPAP plus usual care or Usual Care (UC) alone in participants with moderate‐severe OSA and established CV disease. Between‐group comparisons of BPV were made for participants with either 5 or 6 in‐office BP measurements during 24 months post‐randomization, with BPV defined as the standard deviation (SD) for each participant's BP across visits. Baseline‐adjusted mean BP at each time point was compared between groups using a mixed effects linear regression model. The effect of systolic BPV (SBPV) on the primary composite CV endpoint, stroke and myocardial infarction were also determined in multivariable Cox regression models.

Results: 2,381 SAVE participants met the inclusion criteria, 1,887 (˜80%) of whom were taking anti‐hypertensive therapy. Compared to the UC group, CPAP‐treated participants showed small, significant, decreases in mean SBP (baseline adjusted p = 0.015) and mean DBP (baseline adjusted p = 0.013) that were stable through months 1–12. There was no between‐group difference in the adjusted BPV across months 1–24 (SBPV difference 0.35 mmHg (95% CI −0.55 to 0.77 mmHg, p = 0.090; DBPV difference 0.00 mmHg (−0.01 to 0.02 mmHg, p = 0.712). There was a linear effect of SBPV on the risk of CV events (p = 0.010 for trend); after adjusting for mean BP and other known CV risk factors, participants in the highest quintile of SBPV had a 63% increased risk of having another CV event (p = 0.004).

Discussion: CPAP had no overall effect on BPV after the first month of treatment. Modest reductions in mean SBP and DBP occurred in the first year of treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
EventSleep DownUnder 2018, 30th ASM of Australasian Sleep Association and the Australasian Sleep Technologists Association - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 17 Oct 201820 Oct 2018

Conference

ConferenceSleep DownUnder 2018, 30th ASM of Australasian Sleep Association and the Australasian Sleep Technologists Association
CountryAustralia
CityBrisbane
Period17/10/1820/10/18

Keywords

  • CPAP
  • blood pressure
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Cardiovascular disease

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    Van Ryswyk, E., Anderson, C., Arima, H., Barbe, F., Chen, R., Heeley, E., Liu, Z., Loffler, K., Lorenzi-Filho, G., Luo, Y., Meng, R., Mukherjee, S., Redline, S., Tripathi, M., Quan, W., Woodman, R., Xiao, Y., Zhang, X., Zheng, D., & McEvoy, D. (2018). Effect of CPAP on blood pressure variability in obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. Paper presented at Sleep DownUnder 2018, 30th ASM of Australasian Sleep Association and the Australasian Sleep Technologists Association, Brisbane, Australia. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.33_12765