Effect of Distraction on Children's Behavioral Responses to Pain During IV Catheter Insertion

Tahereh Sadeghi, Mahmood Shamshiri, Nooredin Mohammadi, Mahnaz Shoghi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    Background & Aim: Pain is an unpleasant experience related to potential or actual tissue damage. Distraction is an effective technique to control pain. This study aimed to examine the effect of pressing a small soft ball during intravenous catheter insertion on pain related behavioral responses of children. Methods & Materials: A randomized clinical trial study was conducted in surgical ward of the Qods hospital in Qazvin, Iran in 2010. Sixty children aged 4-6 were selected through a simple randomized sampling method. The children were allocated into two equal intervention and control groups. Data were collected using the FLACC scale. In the intervention group, children were asked to press a soft ball during IV catheter insertion. The researcher marked the FLACC during the procedure. In the control group, no distraction was made during the IV catheter placement. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent-sample t-test, Chi square at P<0.05. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of demographic variables including gender, birth order, race, age and type of disease. In the intervention group, none of the children experienced severe pain during IV catheter insertion; and 63.3% of the children had moderate pain. In the control group, 50.0% of children had moderate pain and 23.3% of them experienced severe pain during IV catheter insertion. There was a significant difference in perceived pain between the children of two groups (P<0.001). Conclusion: Distraction is an effective, non-expensive, and easy-toaccess technique to control and reduce pain in children during IV catheter placement. This study showed that distraction through pressing a soft ball was effective in reducing the behavioral responses of pain in children who underwent IV catheter placement.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-9
    Number of pages9
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Behavioral
    • Children
    • Distraction
    • IV placement
    • Pain


    Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Distraction on Children's Behavioral Responses to Pain During IV Catheter Insertion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this