Effect of ketanserin on blood pressure and biochemical parameters in patients with essential hypertension

L. M.H. Wing, J. P. Chalmers, M. J. West, A. J.C. Bune, B. Ayres, J. R. Graham

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seventeen subjects with essential hypertension (14 men, 3 women, 40-69 years of age), 13 of whom continued their previous antihypertensive therapy, completed a double-blind crossover trial of ketanserin 40 mg twice daily versus placebo tablets twice daily. Each treatment phase was 6 weeks in duration. For the group as a whole, blood pressure (BP) was reduced in the ketanserin phase compared with the placebo phase: supine mean BP decrease: 4 ± 1 mm Hg (p < 0.05); standing mean BP decrease: 7 ± 1 mm Hg (p < 0.001). Heart rate (HR) was also significantly decreased in the ketanserin phase (5 ± 1 beats/min) (p < 0.001). When individual sub-groups were analysed, the reductions in BP and HR were greater in subjects already receiving antihypertensive therapy. diuretics, and/or β-adrenergic blockers. Changes were observed in 24-h urine sodium and potassium excretion: Sodium (mmol/ day): placebo 137 ± 17, ketanserin 174 ± 19 (p < 0.05); potassium )mmol/day): placebo 74 ± 8. ketanserin 57 ± 5. For the group as a whole, there were no significant adverse effects during the ketanserin phase, although two subjects had a dose reduction of ketanserin because of drowsiness and dizziness. Two additional subjects withdrew from the study owing to adverse effects, one in the placebo phase. In conclusion, ketanserin in the dose administered has a modest hypotensive effect. which is best seen in subjects already receiving other antihypertensive agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S164-S167
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume7
Issue numberSupplement 7
Publication statusPublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arterial pressure/drug effects
  • Essential hypertension
  • Ketanserin
  • Serotoncrgic receptors/drug effects
  • Serotonin/blood pressure control

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