Background: The effect of statins on oxidative stress markers, such as malondialdehyde (MDA), is still a matter of debate. We sought to address this issue by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data on the effect of statin treatment on systemic MDA concentrations. Methods: A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Sciences and Scopus. Data were pooled using a random-effects model. Results: A total of 35 studies assessing MDA concentrations before and after statin treatment in 1512 participants (mean age 53.6 years, 48.7% males) were identified. Extreme between-study heterogeneity was observed (I 2 = 96.0%, p < 0.001). Pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) showed a significant reduction in plasma MDA concentrations after treatment (SMD = −1.47 µmol/l, 95% confidence interval = −1.89 to −1.05 μmol/l; p < 0.001). Similarly, a subgroup analysis of 10 studies that also included a placebo group showed a significant reduction in plasma MDA concentrations with statins (−1.03 μmol/l, 95% confidence interval = −1.52 to −0.29 μmol/l; p = 0.036). Conclusions: This systematic review and meta-analysis showed that statin treatment significantly reduces systemic MDA concentrations. However, the results should be interpreted with caution because of extreme between-study heterogeneity, which warrants further intervention studies.
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- oxidative stress
- random-effects model
- systematic review
- thiobarbituric acid reactive substances
- Oxidative stress
- Random-effects model
- Systematic review
- Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances