Effect of zero valent iron nanoparticles to Eisenia fetida in three soil types

Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Srinithi Srinithi Mayilswami, Mallavarapu Megharaj, Zuliang Chen, Ravi Naidu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the influence of soil types on the effect of the commercial form of C-nZVI on tissue concentrations, cellular component, reproduction outcome in Eisenia fetida, and the soil health was investigated. C-nZVI at concentration level of 3 g kg−1 soil showed no effect on the survival of E. fetida in the three soil types. However, varying effects such as concentration-dependent increase in tissue iron concentration, lipid peroxidation, and damage to DNA molecules by C-nZVI were observed. C-nZVI at an exposure concentration of 60 mg kg−1 soil induced oxidative stress in E. fetida. Tissue Fe concentration appeared correlated to the DNA damage. Oxidative stress and DNA damage may explain the toxicity mechanisms of nZVI to E. fetida.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9822-9831
Number of pages10
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • DNA damage
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Soil type
  • nZVI


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