Effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation programs in improving medication adherence in patients with cardiovascular disease: A systematic review protocol

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to measure the effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation programs versus standard care on medication adherence in patients with cardiovascular disease. 


INTRODUCTION: Poor adherence to long-term medications increases the risk of morbidity and mortality, and decreases quality of life in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Several strategies have been trialed to improve medication adherence, one of which is cardiac rehabilitation programs. Although evidence has indicated that such programs increase medication adherence, the extent of their effectiveness and translation into clinical practice is not well documented. Our systematic review will collect and analyze the available evidence for clinical practice implementation. 


INCLUSION CRITERIA: The search will aim to locate randomized controlled trials. Where randomized controlled trials are not available, quasi-experimental studies, case-control studies, observational studies, and other study designs will be included. Studies that measure effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation programs compared with standard care on medication adherence in cardiovascular disease patients will be included. 


METHODS: Databases, including MEDLINE (Ovid), Emcare (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), Cochrane CENTRAL, Scopus, CINAHL (EBSCO), and unpublished sources will be searched. Articles in English and non-English-language articles with an English abstract, published from database inception to the present, will be included. Articles will be screened and reviewed by 2 independent reviewers for inclusion. Critical appraisal tools will be applied to the included studies. Data will be extracted using the appropriate extraction tools and synthesized for the objectives of the study. 


SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42021284705.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2986-2994
Number of pages9
JournalJBI evidence synthesis
Volume20
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • medication adherence
  • effectiveness
  • Standard care
  • Systematic review
  • systematic review
  • standard care

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