Effectiveness of the Local Adaptation Plan of Action to support climate change adaptation in Nepal

Bimal Regmi, Cassandra Star, Walter Leal Filho

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)


    A key challenge in climate change adaptation in developing countries as a whole, and to handling global change in particular, is to link local adaptation needs on the one hand, with national adaptation initiatives on the other, so that vulnerable households and communities can directly benefit. This study assesses the impact of the Nepal government’s efforts to promote its Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA) and its applicability to other least developed countries (LDCs). Based on data gathered from two field studies in Nepal, the research shows that the Nepal’s LAPA has succeeded in mobilizing local institutions and community groups in adaptation planning and recognizing their role in adaptation. However, the LAPA approach and implementation have been constrained by sociostructural and governance barriers that have failed to successfully integrate local adaptation needs in local planning and increase the adaptive capacity of vulnerable households. This paper describes the mechanisms of suitable governance strategies for climate change adaptation specific to Nepal and other LDCs. It also argues the need to adopt an adaptive comanagement approach, where the government and all stakeholders identify common local- and national-level mainstreaming strategy for knowledge management, resource mobilization, and institutional development, ultimately using adaptation as a tool to handle global change.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)461-478
    Number of pages18
    JournalMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


    • Climate change
    • Climate change adaptation
    • Comanagement
    • Least developed countries (LDCs)
    • Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA)
    • Nepal


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