Disorders of water balance are common among elderly patients. A number of factors may contribute. Osmoreceptor-mediated release of AVP is increased, but the response to volume stimuli may be reduced. The capacity of the kidney to concentrate urine is reduced by age, but this impairment cannot be correlated with coincident loss of glomerular filtration (GFR); there may rather be a failure of cAMP response to AVP in aging kidneys. Free water clearance is reduced in the old in proportion to the loss of GFR. Thirst mechanisms are also significantly impaired in healthy as well as sick old people. This combination of factors renders old people particularly liable to develop disorders of water homeostasis during episodes of acute or chronic ill health.
|Number of pages||3|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 21|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|