Effects of dietary T-2 toxin on gut health and gut microbiota composition of the juvenile Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis)

Chunling Wang, Xiaodan Wang, Yuxing Huang, Xianyong Bu, Shusheng Xiao, Chuanjie Qin, Fang Qiao, Jian G. Qin, Liqiao Chen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The current study aims to investigate the effects of dietary T-2 toxin on the intestinal health and microflora in the juvenile Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) with an initial weight 2.00 ± 0.05 g. Juvenile crabs were fed with experimental diets supplemented with T-2 toxin at 0 (control), 0.6 (T1 group), 2.5 (T2 group) and 5.0 (T3 group) mg/kg diet for 8 weeks. Dietary T-2 toxin increased the malondialdehyde (MDA) content and the expression of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (keap1) gene while the expression of cap ‘n’ collar isoform C (CncC) decreased in the intestine. The activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and total anti-oxidation capacity (T-AOC) in the intestine increased only in the lower dose of dietary T-2. Dietary T-2 toxin significantly increased the mRNA expression of caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) genes and the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 accompanied with a reduction of Bcl-2 expression. Furthermore, T-2 toxin decreased the mRNA levels of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), peritrophic membrane (PM1 and PM2) and immune regulated nuclear transcription factors (Toll-like receptor: TLR, myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88: Myd88, relish and lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-α factor: LITAF). The richness and diversity of the gut microbiota were also affected by dietary T-2 toxin in T3 group. The similar dominant phyla in the intestine of the Chinese mitten crab in the control and T3 groups were found including Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Tenericutes and Proteobacteria. Moreover, the inclusion of dietary T-2 toxin of 4.6 mg/kg significantly decreased the richness of Bacteroidetes and increased the richness of Firmicutes, Tenericutes and Proteobacteria in the intestine. At the genus level, Dysgonomonas and Romboutsia were more abundant in T3 group than those in the control. However, the abundances of Candidatus Bacilloplasma, Chryseobacterium and Streptococcus in T3 group were lower than those in the control. This study indicates that T-2 toxin could cause oxidative damage and immunosuppression, increase apoptosis and disturb composition of microbiota in the intestine of Chinese mitten crab.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)574-582
    Number of pages9
    JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
    Volume106
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

    Keywords

    • Apoptosis
    • Eriocheir sinensis
    • Immunity
    • Intestinal microbiota
    • Oxidative damage
    • T-2 toxin

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