Effects of the Interactive Videogame Nintendo Wii Sports on Upper Limb Motor Function of Individuals with Post-Polio Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Erika Christina Gouveia E Silva, Belinda Lange, Jéssica Maria Ribeiro Bacha, José Eduardo Pompeu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To compare the effects of an upper limb videogame-based training with a training based on similar motor demands on upper limb function, dexterity, functionality, balance, fatigue, and pain in post-polio syndrome (PPS) and to assess the acceptability, feasibility, and safety of the intervention.

 Materials and Methods: This is a randomized, parallel, single-blind clinical trial. Thirty-nine individuals were randomized into Interactive Videogames Group (IVG, n = 19) and Active Exercises Group (AEG, n = 20). Participants performed two weekly sessions (50 minutes each), totaling 14 sessions with the aim of providing mild to moderate intensity. IVG practiced four Nintendo Wii Sport games (tennis, golf, boxing, and bowling). The AEG performed similar movements required for IVG. Primary outcome: upper limb motor function-Motor Function Measure-32. Secondary outcomes: dexterity-Box and Block test; functionality-Functional Independence Measure; balance-Functional Reach Test, muscle fatigue-Fatigue Severity Scale, upper limb pain-Visual Analogue Scale for pain, acceptability, applicability, and safety. Analysis of group, time, interaction between groups, and time effects was performed through repeated-measures analysis of variance (2 × 3) and Bonferroni post hoc test with alpha of 0.05.

Results: Interactive videogames were safe, feasible, and acceptable. Both groups showed similar postintervention improvement on motor function, functionality, balance, pain, and fatigue, with maintenance over the follow-up period. There was an interaction effect between the groups on dexterity and the IVG demonstrated better performance compared with the AEG.

Final Considerations: The similar positive clinical effects of the interactive video games on PPS upper limb function and its superior effects on dexterity support its use as a safe and feasible intervention. Particularly when it comes to chronic patients, who require long-term physical therapy, new and stimulating interventions may contribute to the rehabilitation process and improve their engagement in the treatment. Registered on the Brazilian Clinical Trials platform under number RBR-8S2NBF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-471
Number of pages11
JournalGames for Health Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Interactive videogame
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Post-polio syndrome
  • Rehabilitation


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