Efficacy of a weight loss program prior to robot assisted radical prostatectomy in overweight and obese men with prostate cancer

Rebekah L. Wilson, Tom Shannon, Emily Calton, Daniel A. Galvão, Dennis R. Taaffe, Nicolas H. Hart, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Robert U. Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Obesity in prostate cancer patients is associated with poor prostate-cancer specific outcomes. Exercise and nutrition can reduce fat mass; however, few studies have explored this as a combined pre-surgical intervention in clinical practice. Purpose: This study examined the efficacy of a weight loss program for altering body composition in prostate cancer patients prior to robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Methods: A retrospective analysis of 43 overweight and obese prostate cancer patients, aged 47–80 years, who completed a very low-calorie diet (~3000–4000 kJ) combined with moderate-intensity exercise (90 min/day) prior to RARP. Whole body and regional fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) were assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry pre- and post-program. Body weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure were assessed weekly, with surgery-related adverse effects recorded at time of surgery and follow-up appointments. Results: With a median of 29 days (IQR: 24–35days) on the program, patients significantly (p < 0.001) reduced weight (−7.3 ± 2.9 kg), FM (−5.0 ± 2.6 kg), percent body fat (−3.1 ± 2.5%), trunk FM (−3.4 ± 1.8 kg), LM (−2.4 ± 1.8 kg), and appendicular LM (−1.2 ± 1.0 kg). Lower weight, FM, percent FM, trunk FM, and visceral FM were associated with less surgery-related adverse effects (rs = 0.335 to 0.468, p < 0.010). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure were reduced (p < 0.001) by 15 ± 22 and 8 ± 10 mmHg, respectively over the weight loss intervention. Conclusion: Undertaking a combined low-calorie diet and exercise program for weight loss in preparation for RARP resulted in substantial reductions in FM, with improvements in blood pressure, that may benefit surgical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-188
Number of pages7
JournalSurgical Oncology
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Weight loss

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