Efficiency of Mechanochemical Ball Milling Technique in the Preparation of Fe/TiO2 Photocatalysts

Shabnam Taghipour, King Lun Yeung, Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani

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Rapid population growth and widespread industrialization are the main contributing factors to the increasing contamination of the world’s diminishing freshwater resources. This work investigates Fe/TiO2 as an efficient and sustainable photocatalyst for treating organic micropollutants in water. The photocatalysts prepared by these mechanochemical methods used a high-energy ball milling technique to manipulate Fe/TiO2’s structural, optical, and catalytic properties for the photo-oxidation of 2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). Doping with iron effectively reduced the band gap of rutile TiO2 from 3 to 2.22 eV. By reducing the ball/powder ratio from 34 to 7, the removal efficiency of 2,4-DCP increased from 65.2 to 84.7%. Measuring the TOC indicated 63.5 and 49.4% mineralization by Fe/TiO2-7 and rutile TiO2, respectively, after 24 h. The energy yields for the Fe/TiO2 and rutile TiO2 were 0.13 and 0.06 g 2,4-DCP/kW h, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number77
Number of pages16
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • ball milling
  • doping
  • efficiency
  • photocatalyst
  • TiO/Fe


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