Efficient and fast synthesis of few-layer black phosphorus via microwave-assisted liquid-phase exfoliation

Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Cameron Shearer, Sherif Tawfik, Michael Ford, LePing Yu, Alexander Sibley, Jamie Quinton, Christopher Gibson, Joseph Shapter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    High‐quality, few‐layer black‐phosphorus (BP) flakes are prepared in a common organic solvent with very short processing times using microwave‐assisted liquid‐phase exfoliation. A comprehensive range of analysis, combined with density‐functional theory calculations, confirms that the product prepared using the microwave technique is few‐layer BP with small‐ and large‐area flakes. The suspended exfoliated BP sheets show excellent stability, while samples dispersed onto silicon from the suspensions exhibit low oxidation levels after several days in ambient conditions. This straightforward synthesis method is facile, efficient, and extremely fast, and does not involve use of any surfactant or ultrasonication steps and will facilitate future development of phosphorene research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1700260
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalSmall Methods
    Volume1
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2017

    Keywords

    • 2D Materials
    • black phosphorus
    • liquid-phase exfoliation
    • microwave synthesis

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