Efficient AUV Path Planning in Time-Variant Underwater Environment Using Differential Evolution Algorithm

S. MahmoudZadeh, D. M.W. Powers, A. M. Yazdani, K. Sammut, A. Atyabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Robust and efficient AUV path planning is a key element for persistence AUV maneuvering in variable underwater environments. To develop such a path planning system, in this study, differential evolution (DE) algorithm is employed. The performance of the DE-based planner in generating time-efficient paths to direct the AUV from its initial conditions to the target of interest is investigated within a complexed 3D underwater environment incorporated with turbulent current vector fields, coastal area, islands, and static/dynamic obstacles. The results of simulations indicate the inherent efficiency of the DE-based path planner as it is capable of extracting feasible areas of a real map to determine the allowed spaces for the vehicle deployment while coping undesired current disturbances, exploiting desirable currents, and avoiding collision boundaries in directing the vehicle to its destination. The results are implementable for a realistic scenario and on-board real AUV as the DE planner satisfies all vehicular and environmental constraints while minimizing the travel time/distance, in a computationally efficient manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-591
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Application
Issue number4
Early online date7 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Autonomous underwater vehicles
  • Differential evolution
  • Evolutionary algorithms
  • Obstacle avoidance
  • Path planning


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