eHealth interventions targeting nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behavior, or obesity in adults: A scoping review of systematic reviews

Melinda J. Hutchesson, Claire Gough, Andre Matthias Müller, Camille E. Short, Megan C. Whatnall, Mavra Ahmed, Nicole Pearson, Zenong Yin, Lee M. Ashton, Carol Maher, Amanda E. Staiano, Chelsea E. Mauch, Ann DeSmet, Corneel Vandelanotte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A vast body of evidence regarding eHealth interventions for nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and obesity exists. This scoping review of systematic reviews aimed to evaluate the current level of evidence in this growing field. Seven electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews published until October 27, 2019. The systematic reviews must have included adult participants only and have evaluated eHealth behavioral interventions with the primary aim of changing nutrition, physical activity, and sedentary behavior or treating or preventing overweight and obesity. One hundred and six systematic reviews, published from 2006 to 2019, were included. Almost all (n = 98) reviews evaluated the efficacy of interventions. Over half (n = 61) included interventions focused on physical activity, followed by treatment of obesity (n = 28), nutrition (n = 22), prevention of obesity (n = 18), and sedentary behavior (n = 6). Many reviews (n = 46) evaluated one type of eHealth intervention only, while 60 included two or more types. Most reviews (n = 67) were rated as being of critically low methodological quality. This scoping review identified an increasing volume of systematic reviews evaluating eHealth interventions. It highlights several evidence gaps (e.g., evaluation of other outcomes, such as reach, engagement, or cost effectiveness), guiding future research efforts in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13295
Number of pages16
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume22
Issue number10
Early online date23 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • eHealth
  • nutrition
  • obesity
  • physical activity

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