Electrochemical synthesis of silver oxide nanowires, microplatelets and applciation as SERS substrate precursors

Cheng Fang, Amanda Ellis, Nicolas Voelcker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We describe the electrochemical synthesis of silver oxide nanowires and nanowire bundles, filled platelets and hollow microplatelets in either basic or acidic N,N-dimethylformamide solution. We propose that these nanostructures are formed at the electrode surface via two competing reactions namely, silver dissolution off the electrode in the presence of NH 3 or HF during the anodization of silver, and silver oxide precipitation. Results show that the precipitated silver oxide nanoparticles aggregate into nanowires as well as into filled and hollow microscale platelets, depending upon the nuclei concentration and the anodization current density. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and Raman scattering spectroscopy show that the nanowires and microplatelets are mainly composed of Ag 2O. Nanowire bundles are used as substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) where single molecule detection is achieved and evidenced using a bianalyte Raman technique.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)346-353
    Number of pages8
    JournalElectrochimica Acta
    Volume59
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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