Electron impact vibrational excitation of carbon monoxide in the upper atmospheres of Mars and Venus

Laurence Campbell, M Allan, Michael Brunger

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    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Infrared emission from CO in the upper atmospheres of Mars, Venus and several other planets is a subject of current theoretical and experimental interest. Electron impact excitation makes a contribution that has not been included in previous studies. Given this, and recent new measurements of absolute cross sections for low-energy electron impact excitation of the vibrational levels of the ground state of CO, results from calculations are presented showing the contribution of electron impact relative to emissions by other mechanisms. It is demonstrated that emissions due to the impact of thermal, photo-and auroral electrons are generally small compared to sunlight-driven (fluorescence and photolysis) emissions, but with some exceptions. It is also shown that thermal-electron emissions may dominate over other processes at nighttime at Mars and that auroral emissions certainly do so. While measurements and other calculations do not appear to be available for Venus, the volume emission rates presented should be valuable in planning such measurements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberA09321
    Pages (from-to)A09321-1-A09321-8
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
    Volume116
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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