Elevation of gastric pH heals peptic oesophagitis ‐ A role for omeprazole

JOY DOWNTON, JOHN DENT, RICHARD HEDDLE, JAMES TOOULI, PETER J. BUCKLE, A. MALCOLM MACKINNON, J. BRYANT WYMAN

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that the prolonged and substantial elevation of gastric pH which can be achieved with the antisecretory agent omeprazole will result in healing of peptic oesophagitis. Eight patients with erosive or ulcerative peptic oesophagitis were treated with omeprazole (30 mg daily) for 8 weeks. Complete healing occurred in seven patients after 8 weeks of omeprazole therapy. Only a small area of residual ulceration persisted in one unhealed patient. Heartburn resolved within the first 2 weeks of therapy in all but one patient. Specific food intolerances also were eliminated in most cases. Post‐prandial oesophageal pH monitoring during omeprazole administration showed abolition of acid reflux episodes (pH < 4). This effect appeared to be due solely to the antisecretory effect of omeprazole, since motility measurements demonstrated a continued high frequency of reflux while concurrent gastric pH monitoring showed sustained elevation of gastric pH above 4. These results support the hypothesis that a prolonged and potent inhibition of gastric acid secretion renders refluxed gastric juice sufficiently innocuous to allow healing of severe peptic oesophagitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1987
Externally publishedYes

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