Emerging applications of objective sleep assessments towards the improved management of insomnia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Self-reported sleep difficulties are the primary concern associated with diagnosis and treatment of chronic insomnia. This said, in-home sleep monitoring technology in combination with self-reported sleep outcomes may usefully assist with the management of insomnia. The rapid acceleration in consumer sleep technology capabilities together with their growing use by consumers means that the implementation of clinically useful techniques to more precisely diagnose and better treat insomnia are now possible. This review describes emerging techniques which may facilitate better identification and management of insomnia through objective sleep monitoring. Diagnostic techniques covered include insomnia phenotyping, better detection of comorbid sleep disorders, and identification of patients potentially at greatest risk of adverse outcomes. Treatment techniques reviewed include the administration of therapies (e.g., Intensive Sleep Retraining, digital treatment programs), methods to assess and improve treatment adherence, and sleep feedback to address concerns about sleep and sleep loss. Gaps in sleep device capabilities are also discussed, such as the practical assessment of circadian rhythms. Proof-of-concept studies remain needed to test these sleep monitoring-supported techniques in insomnia patient populations, with the goal to progress towards more precise diagnoses and efficacious treatments for individuals with insomnia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalSleep Medicine
Volume101
Early online date3 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Insomnia
  • Actigraphy
  • Polysomnography
  • Wearable device
  • Consumer sleep tracker
  • Circadian rhythms

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