During development, many sympathetic and sensory neurons are dependent on nerve growth factor (NGF) for survival. The low affinity neurotrophin receptor (p75), expressed in these neurons, is regulated by exogenous NGF in vitro and in vivo. However, whether p75 expression in vivo is under the control of endogenous NGF has not been determined. The role of NGF in regulating the expression of p75 in sympathetic and sensory nerves was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats treated with an antiserum specific for NGF. P75 was differentially regulated. P75 immunoreactivity (-ir) within sympathetic neurons in the superior cervical ganglia (SCG) was reduced after 2 days, and disappeared after 5 days, of treatment with the NGF antiserum. In contrast, a significant increase in p75-ir was detected in nerve bundles within and close to the SCG from 3 to 14 days after treatment. A similar pattern of p75 expression was observed in the stellate and coeliac ganglia. In contrast, p75 expression in nerve terminals of the mesenteric arteries and irides was reduced. However, in the same animals the expression of p75 was not significantly affected by the treatment in dorsal root, trigeminal or nodose ganglia, salivary gland or small intestine. In contrast to p75, the NGF high affinity receptor trkA was little affected in sympathetic neurons by depletion of endogenous NGF for 2 weeks. These results indicate that endogenous NGF is required in sympathetic ganglia for the expression of p75 but not trkA in neurons, but for the down-regulation of p75 in glia. In contrast, endogenous NGF is not essential for the regulation of p75 in neurons or glia within sensory ganglia.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Comparative Neurology
|Published - 12 Aug 1996
- dorsal root ganglia
- superior cervicle ganglia