English in Asian Universities

Kingsley Bolton, Werner Botha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Perspectives on the spread of English in the Asian region vary greatly, from the purely descriptive to the ideologically oppositional, from the linguistic to the political. This chapter presents an overview of the current status and functions of the spread of English in Asian higher education, based largely on a review of the literature, but also informed by authors’ own empirical research on this topic in Singapore and in a range of other settings across the Asian region. It discusses English-medium instructions (EMI) in higher education in Outer Circle contexts of South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), Southeast Asia (Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore), East Asia (Hong Kong), Southeast Asian Expanding Circle societies (Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam), and East Asian Expanding Circle societies (China, Japan, Macau, Taiwan, South Korea). The chapter discusses the role of English as an international academic lingua franca and the impact of international rankings in promoting EMI education.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Handbook of Asian Englishes
EditorsKingsley Bolton, Werner Botha, Andy Kirkpatrick
Place of PublicationNew Jersey
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9781118791790, 9781118791653
ISBN (Print)9781118791806
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • International academic lingua franca
  • East asian outer circle societies
  • South asian outer circle societies
  • Asian higher education
  • English-medium instructions
  • East asian expanding circle societies
  • Southeast asian expanding circle societies


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