Environmental risk factors associated with the persistence of conduct difficulties in children with intellectual disabilities and autistic spectrum disorders

Eric Emerson, Jan Blacher, Stewart Einfeld, Chris Hatton, Janet Robertson, Roger J. Stancliffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the association between exposure to environmental risks in early childhood and the prevalence and persistence of conduct difficulties (CD) in children with intellectual disability (ID) who did not have autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), children with ASD and typically developing (TD) children. Results indicated that: (1) exposure to risk was associated with elevated prevalence of CD at age three and, for TD children and children with ID, increased risk of CD persisting to ages five and seven; (2) at all levels of risk, children with ASD were more likely to show persistent CD than other children; (3) children with ID were no more likely to show persistent CD than TD children at low levels of exposure to environmental risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3508-3517
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Conduct difficulties
  • Environmental factors
  • Intellectual disability
  • Problem behavior
  • Socio-economic position

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