Epilepsy attacks recognition based on 1D octal pattern, wavelet transform and EEG signals

Türker Tuncer, Sengul Dogan, Ganesh R. Naik, Paweł Pławiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)


Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals have been generally utilized for diagnostic systems. Nowadays artificial intelligence-based systems have been proposed to classify EEG signals to ease diagnosis process. However, machine learning models have generally been used deep learning based classification model to reach high classification accuracies. This work focuses classification epilepsy attacks using EEG signals with a lightweight and simple classification model. Hence, an automated EEG classification model is presented. The used phases of the presented automated EEG classification model are (i) multileveled feature generation using one-dimensional (1D) octal-pattern (OP) and discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Here, main feature generation function is the presented octal-pattern. DWT is employed for level creation. By employing DWT frequency coefficients of the EEG signal is obtained and octal-pattern generates texture features from raw EEG signal and wavelet coefficients. This DWT and octal-pattern based feature generator extracts 128 × 8 = 1024 (Octal-pattern generates 128 features from a signal, 8 signal are used in the feature generation 1 raw EEG and 7 wavelet low-pass filter coefficients). (ii) To select the most useful features, neighborhood component analysis (NCA) is deployed and 128 features are selected. (iii) The selected features are feed to k nearest neighborhood classifier. To test this model, an epilepsy seizure dataset is used and 96.0% accuracy is attained for five categories. The results clearly denoted the success of the presented octal-pattern based epilepsy classification model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25197-25218
Number of pages22
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • 1D octal pattern
  • Classification
  • Discrete wavelet transform
  • Electroencephalogram signals
  • Epilepsy


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