Establishing a Core Outcome Set for Peritoneal Dialysis: Report of the SONG-PD (Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology–Peritoneal Dialysis) Consensus Workshop

Karine E Manera, David Johnson, Jonathan C. Craig, Jenny I. Shen, Talia Gutman, Yeoungjee Cho, Angela Yee Moon Wang, Edwina A. Brown, Gillian Brunier, Jie Dong, Tony Dunning, Jeffrey Perl, Martin Wilkie, Allison Tong, SONG-PD Workshop Investigators, David Johnson, Jonathan C. Craig, Nicole Scholes-Robertson

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80 Citations (Scopus)


Outcomes reported in randomized controlled trials in peritoneal dialysis (PD) are diverse, are measured inconsistently, and may not be important to patients, families, and clinicians. The Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology–Peritoneal Dialysis (SONG-PD) initiative aims to establish a core outcome set for trials in PD based on the shared priorities of all stakeholders. We convened an international SONG-PD stakeholder consensus workshop in May 2018 in Vancouver, Canada. Nineteen patients/caregivers and 51 health professionals attended. Participants discussed core outcome domains and implementation in trials in PD. Four themes relating to the formation of core outcome domains were identified: life participation as a main goal of PD, impact of fatigue, empowerment for preparation and planning, and separation of contributing factors from core factors. Considerations for implementation were identified: standardizing patient-reported outcomes, requiring a validated and feasible measure, simplicity of binary outcomes, responsiveness to interventions, and using positive terminology. All stakeholders supported inclusion of PD-related infection, cardiovascular disease, mortality, technique survival, and life participation as the core outcome domains for PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-412
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • cardiovascular disease (CVD)
  • caregiver
  • consensus workshop
  • core outcome set
  • dialysis
  • fatigue
  • life participation
  • mortality
  • nephrology research
  • outcomes
  • patient perspective
  • patient-centered care
  • patient-reported outcome (PRO)
  • PD failure
  • PD-related infection
  • Peritoneal dialysis (PD)
  • quality of life (QoL)
  • technique survival
  • trial design
  • trials


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