Establishing a DNA identification system for pigs (Sus scrofa) using a multiplex STR amplification

Yu-Chih Lin, Hsing-Mei Hsieh, James Lee, Chung-Ting Hsiao, Der-Yuh Lin, Adrian Linacre, Li-Chin Tsai

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    19 Citations (Scopus)


    In this study we establish a novel STR multiplex using 13 tetra-nucleotide STRs and the amelogenin marker for the forensic identification of pigs. The genotypes and allele frequency were generated based on 341 samples from 11 pig breeds in Taiwan. Genetic variation was tested including Na, Ne, Ho, He, F-statistics, PIC, Pm and PE for each STR locus and for each breed. Based upon the 341 samples in this study, the CPm and CPEtrio of the 13 STR loci were 1.31E-11 and 0.9996 respectively. The CPItrio based on ten family sets ranged from 4.012E+4 to 4.332E+6 for paternity test. Validation of the multiplex included: determining the sensitivity of the test, where reproducible full DNA profiles were obtained using an initial template of between 0.25 and 1 ng; a comprehensive range of tissue types generated the same genotype; and the specificity was confirmed as no DNA full profile was generated for any species other than Sus scrofa. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, the European domestic breeds clustered separately from the Asian breeds, as expected, and their hybrids formed unique clades respectively between the clades of Asian and European breeds. Eleven test samples, acting as unknown samples, matched all expected breeds. We demonstrate that this novel 14-plex PCR system is valuable in pig individualization, parentage testing, breed assessment, phylogenetic study and forensic applications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12-19
    Number of pages8
    JournalForensic Science International: Genetics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


    • Parentage testing
    • Pig DNA identification
    • Pig individualization
    • STR multiplex
    • Sus scrofa


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