Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptors mediate transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by estrogen (E2). Here we report that the amount of intracellular EGFR remains elevated after stimulation of MCF-7 cells with E2 and S1P, although membrane-localized EGFR and S1P3 receptors are quickly internalized. Co-localization of internalized EGFR and LAMP-2 was lower in cells treated with E2/S1P, suggesting that endosomal EGFR might be directed for recycling instead of degradation. In addition, we found that E2/S1P activated Cdc42 and that knockdown of Cdc42 restores fast EGFR degradation after E2/S1P stimulation. Inhibition of S1P3 receptors prevented E2-induced activation of Cdc42, supporting the important role of the S1P receptor in E2 signaling. This is a novel mechanism further defining the effect of E2/S1P on the EGFR transactivation in breast cancer cells.
- Breast cancer