This paper critically reflects on the potential of ethnoarchaeological research to contribute to our understanding of the creation and use of rock art. While most archaeology focuses on material culture separated through time from their makers, ethnoarchaeological research involves working with people and contemporary objects and requires an attention to cultural sensitivities that may differ significantly from those of the researcher. We also reflect, therefore, on the ethics of ethnoarchaeological research. This is particularly relevant to Spanish researchers given the lack of training available in this area at Spanish universities. The reflections summarized in this paper are built upon our long-term experience collaborating and learning from Aboriginal Elders and artists from several communities in western Arnhem Land and the Barunga region of the Northern Territory (Australia).
- Rock Art