Evaluating Criminal Transactional Methods in Cyberspace as Understood in an International Context

R.V. Gundur, Michael Levi, Volkan Topalli, Marie Ouellet, Maria Stolyarova, Lennon Yao-Chung Chang, Diego Domínguez Mejía

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

1954 Downloads (Pure)


This report surveys what is currently known about the financial transactions that cybercriminals conduct among themselves or demand/receive from their victims. Using multiple languages in addition to English, the project set out to examine what is known regarding the financial aspects of cyber-enabled and cyber-dependent crime, including fraud; theft; money laundering; extortion; selling/buying illicit drugs; selling/buying contraband and counterfeit goods. We sought to review the literature on cybercriminal business models, the role of virtual currencies and other technologies in these models, and how these crimes both interact and enable other economic crimes. We also reviewed the responses of law enforcement, private sector partners including cybersecurity firms, and others, nationally and internationally, to tackle the financial aspects of cybercrime, and what can be learned from these responses
Original languageEnglish
Commissioning bodyHome Office
Number of pages305
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2021


  • Cybercrime
  • Financial crime
  • Policing cybercrime
  • Financial aspects of cybercrime
  • Cybercriminals
  • Criminal ecosystems
  • English cybercrime literature
  • Russian cybercrime literature
  • Chinese cybercrime literature
  • Spanish cybercrime literature
  • French cybercrime literature


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating Criminal Transactional Methods in Cyberspace as Understood in an International Context'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this