Evaluating the feasibility of a consumer-grade wearable EEG headband to aid assessment of state and trait mindfulness

Hugh Hunkin, Daniel L. King, Ian T. Zajac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Measures from wearable devices could be a valuable supplement to mindfulness assessment and intervention. This observational study evaluated measures from a consumer-grade EEG headband (Muse, InteraXon, Inc.) as novel correlates of state mindfulness during focused attention meditation. Methods: Adult participants (N = 68, Mage = 22.66, SDage = 7.35) completed a task-based measure of state mindfulness and thought probe measures of subjective mind wandering while meditating with the EEG headband. A subset completed 14 days of home practice (n = 29). Results: Device measures were sensitive to attention lapses within-participants in the state mindfulness task (d = 0.56) and had large between-participants associations for the same task (r = −0.50). Mean device metrics from home practice together explained approximately 30% of variance in self-reported trait mindfulness, attentional control, nonattachment, and decentering. Conclusion: EEG biomarkers show potential as correlates of mindfulness with distinct benefits over existing assessment methods.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Early online date1 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • EEG
  • measurement
  • meditation
  • mindfulness
  • wearable electronic devices

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