Evaluating the feasibility of a consumer-grade wearable EEG headband to aid assessment of state and trait mindfulness

Hugh Hunkin, Daniel L. King, Ian T. Zajac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Measures from wearable devices could be a valuable supplement to mindfulness assessment and intervention. This observational study evaluated measures from a consumer-grade EEG headband (Muse, InteraXon, Inc.) as novel correlates of state mindfulness during focused attention meditation. Methods: Adult participants (N = 68, Mage = 22.66, SDage = 7.35) completed a task-based measure of state mindfulness and thought probe measures of subjective mind wandering while meditating with the EEG headband. A subset completed 14 days of home practice (n = 29). Results: Device measures were sensitive to attention lapses within-participants in the state mindfulness task (d = 0.56) and had large between-participants associations for the same task (r = −0.50). Mean device metrics from home practice together explained approximately 30% of variance in self-reported trait mindfulness, attentional control, nonattachment, and decentering. Conclusion: EEG biomarkers show potential as correlates of mindfulness with distinct benefits over existing assessment methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2559-2575
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume77
Issue number11
Early online date1 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • EEG
  • measurement
  • meditation
  • mindfulness
  • wearable electronic devices

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