Evaluation of Global Genomic DNA Methylation in Human Whole Blood by Capillary Electrophoresis UV Detection

Angelo Zinellu, Elisabetta Sotgiu, Stefano Assaretti, Salvatore Sotgia, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Gianfranco Pintus, Arduino Mangoni, Ciriaco Carru

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    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Alterations in global DNA methylation are implicated in various pathophysiological processes. )e development of simple and quick, yet robust, methods to assess DNA methylation is required to facilitate its measurement and interpretation in clinical practice. We describe a highly sensitive and reproducible capillary electrophoresis method with UV detection for the separation and detection of cytosine and methylcytosine, after formic acid hydrolysis of DNA extracted from human whole blood. Hydrolysed samples were dried and resuspended with water and directly injected into the capillary without sample derivatization procedures. )e use of a run bu8er containing 50 mmol/L BIS-TRIS propane (BTP) phosphate bu8er at pH 3.25 and 60 mmol/L sodium acetate bu8er at pH 3.60 (4 : 1, v/v) allowed full analyte identiCcation within 11 min. Precision tests indicated an elevated reproducibility with an interassay CV of 1.98% when starting from 2 μg of the extracted DNA. )e method was successfully tested by measuring the DNA methylation degree both in healthy volunteers and in reference calf thymus DNA.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number4065892
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
    Volume2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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