Evidence for the involvement of a small subregion of the endoplasmic reticulum in the inositol trisphosphate receptor-induced activation of Ca2+ inflow in rat hepatocytes

Roland B. Gregory, Robert A. Wilcox, Leise A. Berven, Nicole C.R. Van Straten, Gijs A. Van Der Marel, Jacques H. Van Boom, Gregory J. Barritt

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    The roles of a subregion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the cortical actin cytoskeleton in the mechanisms by which Ins(1,4,5)P3 induces the activation of store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) in isolated rat hepatocytes were investigated. Adenophostin A, a potent agonist at Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors, induced ER Ca2+ release and the activation of Ca2+ inflow. The concentration of adenophostin A that gave half-maximal stimulation of Ca2+ inflow (10 nM) was substantially lower than that (20 nM) which gave half-maximal ER Ca2+ release. A low concentration of adenophostin A (approx. 13 nM) caused near-maximal stimulation of Ca2+ inflow but only 20% of maximal ER Ca2+ release. Similar results were obtained using another Ins(1,4,5)P3-receptor agonist, 2-hydroxyethyl-α-D-glucopyranoside 2,3',4'-trisphosphate. Anti-type-1 Ins(1,4,5)P3-receptor monoclonal antibody 18A10 inhibited vasopressin-stimulaled Ca2+ inflow but had no observable effect on vasopressin-induced ER Ca2+ release. Treatment with cytochalasin B at a concentration that partially disrupted the cortical actin cytoskeleton inhibited Ca2+ inflow and ER Ca2+ release induced by vasopressin by 73 and 45%, respectively. However, it did not substantially affect Ca2+ inflow and ER Ca2+ release induced by thapsigargin or 13 nM adenophostin A, intracellular Ca2+ release induced by ionomycin or Ins(1,4,5)P3P(4(5))-1-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl ester ['caged' Ins(1,4,5)P3] or basal Ca2+ inflow. 1-(5-Chloronaphthalene- 1-sulyhonyl)homopiperazine, HCl (ML-9), an inhibitor of myosin light-chain kinase, also inhibited vasopressin-induced Ca2+ inflow and ER Ca2+ release by 53 and 44%, respectively, but had little effect on thapsigargin-induced Ca2+ inflow and ER Ca2+ release. Neither cytochalasin B nor ML-9 inhibited vasopressin-induced Ins(1,4,5)P3 formation. It is concluded that the activation of SOCs in rat hepatocytes induced by Ins(1,4,5)P3 requires the participation of a small region of the ER, which is distinguished from other regions of the ER by a different apparent affinity for Ins(1,4,5)P3 analogues and is associated with the plasma membrane through the actin skeleton. This conclusion is discussed briefly in relation to current hypotheses for the activation of SOCs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)401-408
    Number of pages8
    JournalBiochemical Journal
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 1999


    • Actin cytoskeleton
    • Adenophostin A
    • Hepatocyte
    • Inositol trisphosphate
    • Store-operated Ca channel


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