Evidence obtained using single hepatocytes for inhibition by the phospholipase C inhibitor U73122 of store-operated Ca2+ inflow

Leise A. Berven, Greg J. Barritt

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    Abstract

    The ability of 1-[6-[[17β-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl]amino]hexyl]-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122), an inhibitor of phospholipase C (Smith et al., J Pharmacol Exp Ther 253: 688-697, 1992), to inhibit agonist-stimulated and store-operated Ca2+ inflow in single hepatocytes was investigated with the aim of testing whether the activation of phospholipase C is a necessary step in the process of agonist-stimulated Ca2+ inflow in this cell type. U73122 inhibited the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores and plasma membrane Ca2+ inflow induced by vasopressin. An inactive analogue of U73122, 1-[6-[[17β-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl]amino]hexyl]-2,5-pyrrolidone-dione (U73433), did not inhibit vasopressin-induced release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, but did partially inhibit Ca2+ inflow. Neither U73122 nor 'inactive' analogue U73433 inhibited the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores when this was initiated by the photolysis of 'caged' guanosine (5′-[γ-thio]triphosphate (GTPγS) introduced to the cytoplasmic space by microinjection. However, both compounds inhibited GTPγS-stimulated Ca2+ inflow. U73122 also inhibited the actions of glycerophosphoryl-myo-inositol-4,5-diphosphate (GPIP2), a slowly-hydrolysed analogue of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (InsP3) which is released by photolysis of 'caged' 1-(α-glycerophosphoryl)-myo-inositol-4,5-diphosphate, P4(5)-1-(2-nitrophenyl) ethyl ester, and thapsigargin in stimulating Ca2+ inflow. U73122 did not inhibit GPIP2-stimulated release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, but did partially inhibit the ability of thapsigargin to induce Ca2+ release. It is concluded that, while U73122 does inhibit phospholipase Cβ in hepatocytes, complete inhibition of this enzyme in situ requires an intracellular concentration of U73122 higher than that achieved in the present experiments. Moreover, both U73122 and 'inactive' analogue U73433 have one or possibly two additional sites of action. These are likely to be the hepatocyte plasma membrane Ca2+ inflow channel protein (or a protein involved in the activation of this channel by the InsP3-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ store), and a protein involved in thapsigargin action.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1373-1379
    Number of pages7
    JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
    Volume49
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 May 1995

    Keywords

    • Ca inflow
    • hepatocytes
    • inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
    • phospholipase C
    • plasma membrane
    • U73122
    • U73433

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