Experience Driven Attack Design and Federated Learning Based Intrusion Detection in Industry 4.0

Bushra Tahir, Alireza Jolfaei, Muhammad Tariq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The advent of Industry 4.0 facilitates the Internet of Things based-Transactive Energy System (IoTES), which enables innovative services with numerous independent distributed systems. These systems generate heterogeneous data in bulk, which becomes susceptible to cyber-attacks, particularly the stealthy False Data Injection Attacks (FDIAs). The existing centralized FDIA detection algorithms often breach data privacy and fail to perform effectively in highly dynamic and distributed environments like IoTES. To resolve the issue, initially, a recurrent deep deterministic policy gradient is utilized to invent an experience-driven FDIA in a complex IoTES. The attacker intends to intelligently exploit the data integrity of smart energy meters with insufficient knowledge of the system. Subsequently, to countermove the stealth and enable independent clients to train a centralized model while keeping each clients data privacy intact, a deep federated learning-based decentralized FDIA detection method using an attentive aggregation is exploited in this paper. The proposed approach is capable of parallel computing and can reliably identify stealthy FDIA on all the nodes simultaneously. Simulation results validate that the proposed scheme outperforms the state-of-the-art methods under a distributed environment with a significantly higher detection accuracy and lower.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Early online date7 Dec 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Collaborative work
  • Computational complexity
  • Data models
  • Data privacy
  • Deep federated learning
  • deep reinforcement learning
  • false data injection
  • Fourth Industrial Revolution
  • industry 40
  • Meters
  • privacy preservation
  • Supply and demand


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