Experiences and perspectives of adolescents and young adults with advanced CKD

Allison Tong, P Henning, Germaine Wong, Steven McTaggart, Fiona Mackie, Robert Carroll, Jonathan Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Young people with advanced chronic kidney disease experience delayed growth and poor psychosocial outcomes. This study aims to elicit the experiences and perspectives of young people waiting for a kidney transplant. Methods: We conducted semistructured interviews with people aged 12-24 years from 6 Australian renal units. Participants also were asked to complete a journal. Interview transcripts and journal entries were analyzed thematically. Results: 27 individuals participated in the study. 5 major themes were identified: inferiority (impaired body image, failing expectations, sick identity, and being a burden), insecurity (contending with prognostic uncertainty, vulnerability, and doubtful future), injustice (deprived of freedom, victimhood, and lost opportunity), resilience (autonomy and empowerment and maturity), and adjustment mentality (self-blame, reserved optimism, focusing on normality, and self-efficacy). Conclusions: Young dialysis- and non-dialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease have an impaired sense of self-worth, perceive a precarious future, and feel limited in their physical and psychosocial capacities to have the same potential and opportunity as their healthy peers. Strategies to increase patient autonomy and self-efficacy in treatment management and to manage the emotional burdens of future uncertainties and lifestyle disruptions are needed to protect and promote the health and well-being of young people waiting for a kidney transplant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-384
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


  • adolescent
  • dialysis
  • Pediatric
  • qualitative research


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