Experimental mathematics on the magnetic susceptibility of the square lattice Ising model

S. Boukraa, A. J. Guttmann, S. Hassani, I. Jensen, J. M. Maillard, B. Nickel, N. Zenine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


We calculate very long low- and high-temperature series for the susceptibility χ of the square lattice Ising model as well as very long series for the five-particle contribution χ(5) and six-particle contribution χ(6). These calculations have been made possible by the use of highly optimized polynomial time modular algorithms and a total of more than 150 000 CPU hours on computer clusters. The series for χ (low- and high-temperature regimes), χ(5) and χ(6) are now extended to 2000 terms. In addition, for χ(5), 10 000 terms of the series are calculated modulo a single prime, and have been used to find the linear ODE satisfied by χ(5) modulo a prime. A diff-Padé analysis of the 2000 terms series for χ(5) and χ(6) confirms to a very high degree of confidence previous conjectures about the location and strength of the singularities of the n-particle components of the susceptibility, up to a small set of 'additional' singularities. The exponents at all the singularities of the Fuchsian linear ODE of χ(5) and the (as yet unknown) ODE of χ(6) are given: they are all rational numbers. We find the presence of singularities at w = 1/2 for the linear ODE of χ(5), and w2 = 1/8 for the ODE of χ(6), which are not singularities of the 'physical' χ(5) and χ(6), that is to say the series solutions of the ODE's which are analytic at w = 0. Furthermore, analysis of the long series for χ(5) (and χ(6)) combined with the corresponding long series for the full susceptibility χ yields previously conjectured singularities in some χ(n), n ≥ 7. The exponents at all these singularities are also seen to be rational numbers. We also present a mechanism of resummation of the logarithmic singularities of the χ(n) leading to the known power-law critical behaviour occurring in the full χ, and perform a power spectrum analysis giving strong arguments in favour of the existence of a natural boundary for the full susceptibility χ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number455202
Number of pages51
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental mathematics on the magnetic susceptibility of the square lattice Ising model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this