Exploring a family, work, and community model of work–family gains and strains

Natalie Skinner, Reina Ichii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Much of the work–family literature focuses on job or family characteristics that impact on work–life interaction. A small body of research takes a wider perspective, highlighting the importance of community characteristics. This study builds on, and extends, this research by examining the way work and community characteristics may interact in their influence on work–family interaction. Building on Voydanoff's work, this study examined whether community demands amplified the impact of work demands on work–family conflict, and whether community resources increased the impact of work resources on work–family facilitation. Data were analyzed from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey, distinguishing between residents of higher or lower socioeconomic status (SES) communities. Work demands (work intensity, hours) demonstrated the strongest relationship with work–family interaction. Autonomy and work hours emerged as particularly important predictors of work–family interaction for those living in lower SES areas. Whereas social support (a community resource) was a particularly strong predictor of work–family interaction for those living in higher SES areas. There was also evidence that community demands (lack of safety) are independently associated with work–family interaction and also amplify the effect of job demands (work intensity) on work–family conflict for residents of lower SES areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-99
Number of pages21
JournalCommunity, Work and Family
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2015


  • community
  • demands
  • resources
  • socioeconomic status
  • work
  • work–family


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