In Australia, a national approach to the regulation of health practitioners and students has been established through the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law Act (2009; Qld) (the National Act). Whilst regulation of nursing and midwifery students under this new scheme is novel in most jurisdictions, students in South Australia have been registered with the Nursing and Midwifery Board of South Australia under the Nursing and Midwifery Practice Act 2008 (SA) (the State Act) since January 2010. Given the significant move to national registration of nursing and midwifery students, a mixed method study was initiated exploring South Australian nursing students' understanding of being regulated. Two hundred and twenty online surveys were completed and four focus groups conducted. Analysis revealed participants had little understanding of regulation and how the State Act applied to their student role and practice. The study recommends a nationally consistent strategy to inform students of their regulatory responsibilities.